Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder, which occurs after being exposed to an extreme traumatic event. These include accidents, violent personal attack, death threat, terrorist attack, natural disaster, military combat and being diagnosed with a terminal illness amongst others. The main symptoms of PTSD are:
Most clients suffering from PTSD require medication. However, its most efficient treatment is its combination with counselling and psychotherapy. Counselling provides the client an area where they can firstly process all the symptoms they are experiencing. The therapist helps the client understand their thoughts, feelings and behaviours that are connected to these symptoms. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy techniques are specifically used to help the client change their thoughts, emotions and negative thought processes that they may have developed after the event. Eventually, the client may also be exposed to several mental images of the event so that the client slowly learns to gain control over their emotions and distress.